renal physiology questions and answers pdf

Renal physiology questions and answers pdf

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The Renal System

The Renal System

300+ TOP Renal Physiology MCQs Pdf

Albuminuria A. Pus in the urine. Micturition B.

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Albuminuria A. Pus in the urine. Micturition B. A feeling to void immediately. Dysuria C. Microscopic functional units that form urine by the process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion. Ureter D. Protein in the urine. Pyuria E. Presence of bacteria in the urine.

Renal calculi F. The inner region of the kidney. Urgency G. Urination especially excessive at night. Nephrons H. Painful urination. Urethra I. A hollow muscular sac serves as a temporary reservoir for the urine. Calyx J. Muscular lined tubes that carry urine from kidney to bladder. Medulla K. A cuplike urine collection cavity found in the kidney.

Urinary bladder L. Stone formation in the kidney. The act of eliminating from the bladder, voiding, urination. Mucous membrane lined tube that leads from the bladder to the exterior of the body, carries urine away from the bladder.

Please match each urinary term with its characteristic? An organ or structure that is not a component of the urinary system is the:. Urinary bladder. Adrenal gland. Help regulate blood volume. Help control blood pressure. Help control PH. All of the above are correct. All of the following belong to the urinary system except:.

The urinary system is the principal system responsible for:. Removal of carbon dioxide. Water and electrolyte balance. Excretion of toxic nitrogenous compounds. The structure that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder is the. What portion of the nephron extends into the medulla?

Proximal convoluted tubule. Distal convoluted tubule. The functional unit of the kidney is called a. Which of the following statements concerning the kidneys is false? They are retroperitoneal. They each contain 8 to 15 renal pyramids. They each have a distinct renal cortex and renal medulla region. They are positioned between the third and fifth lumbar. Which of the following is the correct sequence in which urine flows through the kidney toward the urinary bladder?

Renal pelvis, major calyx, minor calyx, papillary duct, ureter. Papillary duct, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter. Minor calyx, major calyx, papillary duct, renal pelvis, ureter.

Papillary duct, major calyx, minor calyx, ureter, renal pelvis. Which of the following statements concerning the ureters is false?

The mucosa of each ureter is composed of transitional epithelium. They are composed of three tunics. Muscular peristaltic waves move urine through the ureters. They are located within the peritoneal cavity. All of the following statements are True related to the urethra of a male except:.

It serves both the urinary and reproductive systems. It contains a single urethral sphincter near the neck of the urinary bladder. It receives secretions from the bulbourethral glands. It consists of three distinct regions. It is approximately 20 cm long in an adult. Which of the following is the proper sequence of structures in the nephron? Glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule, nephron loop.

Glomerulus, nephron loop, proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule. Glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, nephron loop, distal convoluted tubule.

Proximal convoluted tubule, glomerulus, nephron loop, distal convoluted tubule. Fibrous connective tissue that surrounds each kidney is the:. The tuft of capillaries in the renal corpuscle is called the. The location of the kidneys in relationship to the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is referre to as. The triangular area of the urinary bladder between the two ureters posteriorly and the urethra anteriorly is the. All Rights Reserved. Site By : Intertech. Renal calculi.

The Renal System

Kidneys filter blood in a three-step process. First, the nephrons filter blood that runs through the capillary network in the glomerulus. Almost all solutes, except for proteins, are filtered out into the glomerulus by a process called glomerular filtration. Second, the filtrate is collected in the renal tubules. Most of the solutes get reabsorbed in the PCT by a process called tubular reabsorption. In the loop of Henle, the filtrate continues to exchange solutes and water with the renal medulla and the peritubular capillary network.

The Renal System

Concerning renal ontogeny: A. A and C are correct E. The main barrier precluding the free passage of albumin across the glomerular capillary walls is formed by: A. PAH para-amino-hippuric acid is a good marker of renal plasma flow because it is freely filtered and is rapidly secreted by the proximal tubule; as a result very little PAH reaches the renal vein D.

NOTE: The following questions are designed for introductory drill i. These questions do not necessarily represent the quality of questions which will appear on the CRR Unit evaluation. SAQ, Respiratory System. SAQ, Cardiovascular System. Point to an answer.

Renal Physiology helps you to quickly and easily grasp the fundamentals of renal physiology and learn how to apply them in a clinical context. Attractively illustrated with clear 2-color diagrams, it also facilitates study with learning objectives , "In the Clinic" and "At the Molecular Level" boxes, chapter summaries, and clinical cases with review questions and explained answers. Online access at www.

Urinary System Practice Exam

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300+ TOP Renal Physiology MCQs Pdf

The Journal publishes articles on basic or clinical research relating to nephrology, arterial hypertension, dialysis and kidney transplants. It is governed by the peer review system and all original papers are subject to internal assessment and external reviews. The journal accepts submissions of articles in English and in Spanish languages. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years. CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. Read more. SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same.

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