social learning and personality development bandura pdf

Social learning and personality development bandura pdf

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Educational Learning Theories: Chapter 3 Additional Reading

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Mediational Processes

Mischel’s Cognitive-Affective Model of Personality and the Person-Situation Debate

Educational Learning Theories: Chapter 3 Additional Reading

Cognition and Psychotherapy pp Cite as. Many theories have been proposed over the years to explain human behavior. The basic conceptions of human nature they adopt and the causal processes they postulate require careful examination for several reasons. What theorists believe people to be determines which aspects of human functioning they explore most thoroughly and which they leave unexamined. Conceptions of human nature thus focus inquiry on selected processes and are in turn strengthened by findings of paradigms embodying the particular view. For example, theorists who exclude the capacity for self-direction from their view of human potentialities confine their research to external sources of influence and indeed find that behavior is often influenced by extrinsic outcomes.

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Social learning theory, proposed by Albert Bandura, emphasizes the importance of observing, modelling, and imitating the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Social learning theory considers how both environmental and cognitive factors interact to influence human learning and behavior. In social learning theory, Albert Bandura agrees with the behaviorist learning theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. However, he adds two important ideas:. Children observe the people around them behaving in various ways. This is illustrated during the famous Bobo doll experiment Bandura,


PDF | On Jan 1, , Razieh Tadayon Nabavi published Bandura's Social Learning Theory SLT has become perhaps the most influential theory of learning and development. Are cognitive processes the basic concepts of personality?


Mediational Processes

The social-cognitive perspective on personality is a theory that emphasizes cognitive processes, such as thinking and judging, in the development of personality. By observing an admired role model, an individual may choose to adopt and emphasize particular traits and behaviors. Walter Mischel —present is a personality researcher whose work has helped to shape the social-cognitive theory of personality.

It developed into the SCT in and posits that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior. The unique feature of SCT is the emphasis on social influence and its emphasis on external and internal social reinforcement. SCT considers the unique way in which individuals acquire and maintain behavior, while also considering the social environment in which individuals perform the behavior. The theory takes into account a person's past experiences, which factor into whether behavioral action will occur. These past experiences influences reinforcements, expectations, and expectancies, all of which shape whether a person will engage in a specific behavior and the reasons why a person engages in that behavior.

The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences. The component processes underlying observational learning are: 1 Attention, including modeled events distinctiveness, affective valence, complexity, prevalence, functional value and observer characteristics sensory capacities, arousal level, perceptual set, past reinforcement , 2 Retention, including symbolic coding, cognitive organization, symbolic rehearsal, motor rehearsal , 3 Motor Reproduction, including physical capabilities, self-observation of reproduction, accuracy of feedback, and 4 Motivation, including external, vicarious and self reinforcement. Because it encompasses attention, memory and motivation, social learning theory spans both cognitive and behavioral frameworks.

Mischel’s Cognitive-Affective Model of Personality and the Person-Situation Debate

Social cognitive theory SCT , used in psychology , education, and communication, holds that portions of an individual's knowledge acquisition can be directly related to observing others within the context of social interactions, experiences, and outside media influences. This theory was advanced by Albert Bandura as an extension of his social learning theory. The theory states that when people observe a model performing a behavior and the consequences of that behavior, they remember the sequence of events and use this information to guide subsequent behaviors. Observing a model can also prompt the viewer to engage in behavior they already learned. Depending on whether people are rewarded or punished for their behavior and the outcome of the behavior, the observer may choose to replicate behavior modeled. Media provides models for a vast array of people in many different environmental settings.

Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 13 2 , , Organizational behavior and human decision processes 50 2 , , Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents 5 1 , ,

Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory

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Несмотря на солидный заработок, Танкадо ездил на службу на стареньком мопеде и обедал в одиночестве за своим рабочим столом, вместо того чтобы вместе с сослуживцами поглощать котлеты из телятины и луковый суп с картофелем - фирменные блюда местной столовой.