blood groups and rhesus factor pdf

Blood groups and rhesus factor pdf

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ABO blood group system

Human ABO Blood Groups and Their Associations with Different Diseases

BioMed Research International

Background: The presence or absence of blood group antigens has been associated with various diseases, with antigens also acting as receptors for infectious agents.

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ABO blood group system

Background: The presence or absence of blood group antigens has been associated with various diseases, with antigens also acting as receptors for infectious agents. Scanty literature is available in assessing the relative liability of blood group phenotypes to periodontal diseases. This research was conducted to determine the association of the ABO blood group and Rhesus Rh factor to periodontal diseases to assess whether they could be the predictors of periodontal diseases.

Materials and Methods: A total of 1, subjects aged between 20 and 55 years were selected on a random basis.

The study populations were segregated into three groups according to Ramfjord's periodontal disease index: Healthy, Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Blood samples were collected to identify the ABO blood groups and the Rh factor by the slide method. Results: Blood group A showed a significantly higher percentage in the gingivitis group and blood group O showed a higher percentage in the periodontitis group. The blood group AB showed the least percentage of periodontal diseases.

The distribution of Rh factor in all groups showed a significantly higher distribution of Rh-positive. Conclusion: The genetic factors may alter the oral ecology and the process of periodontal disease. These data are suggestive of a broad correlation between periodontal diseases and blood groups, which may act as risk predictors for periodontal diseases. This will make it possible to better-understand the risk factors of diseases of the periodontal tissues and to predict the effective methods of prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases.

This article has been cited by 1 Lewis and AB0 blood group-phenotypes in periodontitis, cardiovascular disease, obesity and stroke C. Holmstrup Scientific Reports. Clinical Laboratory. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. Indian Journal of Dental Research. ABO blood groups and Rhesus factor: An exploring link to periodontal diseases. Indian J Dent Res ; Materials and Methods. Table 2 :Percentage distribution of Rhesus factor in the study groups Click here to view.

Ishikawa I. Host responses in periodontal diseases: A preview. Periodontol ; Clinical hematology. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger; Transfusion biology and therapy. In: Fauci, Longo, editors. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Secretor status and ABH antigens expression in patients with oral lesions. ABO blood group. Related investigations and their association with defined pathologies.

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Blackwell CC. The role of ABO blood groups and secretor status in host defences. The relationship between periodontal disease and blood groups and secretor status. J Periodontal Res ; Secretor status and dental caries in Iceland. Less dental caries among secretor than among non-secretors of blood group substance. Eur J Oral Sci ; Denture stomatitis and ABO blood types.

J Prosthet Dent ; The association between blood groups and maxillofacial deformities. Indian J Plast Surg ; J Periodontol ; No association between secretor status of ABO blood group antigens and juvenile periodontitis. Acta Odontol Latinoam ; The relationship between juvenile and non-juvenile periodontitis, ABO blood groups and haemoglobin types. Afr J Med Sci ; Dabelsteen E. ABO blood group antigens in oral mucosa. What is new? J Oral Pathol Med ; Effects of different blood groups on the reproduction of periodontal pocket bacteria.

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Lewis and AB0 blood group-phenotypes in periodontitis, cardiovascular disease, obesity and stroke.

Human ABO Blood Groups and Their Associations with Different Diseases

Davidsohn, B. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account?

Associations between the blood type and disease have been studied since the early s when researchers determined that antibodies and antigens are inherited. However, due to lack of antigens of some blood groups, there have been some contentious issues with the association between the ABO blood group and vulnerability to certain infectious and noninfectious diseases. To review different literatures that show the association between ABO blood groups and different diseases. Original, adequate, and recent articles on the same field were researched, and the researcher conducted a comprehensive review on this topic. Thus, taking out critical discussions, not only a descriptive summary of the topic but also contradictory ideas were fully retrieved and presented in a clear impression.

ABO is the best-known system for grouping blood types , though there are other methods. Within these groups, there are a further eight blood types. Every 2 seconds , a person in the United States needs blood. When a person needs a transfusion , doctors must give them the right type. The wrong blood type can trigger an adverse reaction that could be life-threatening. How does blood work, and what problems can arise?

BioMed Research International

ABO blood group system , the classification of human blood based on the inherited properties of red blood cells erythrocytes as determined by the presence or absence of the antigens A and B, which are carried on the surface of the red cells. See blood group. Blood containing red cells with type A antigen on their surface has in its serum fluid antibodies against type B red cells. In the same way, type A red cells will be destroyed by anti-A antibodies in type B blood.

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    The blood group AB showed the least percentage of periodontal diseases. The distribution of Rh factor in all groups showed a significantly higher.

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    International Society of Blood Transfusion has recently recognized 33 blood group systems.

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