definition and scope of microbiology pdf

Definition and scope of microbiology pdf

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What is Microbiology? Its scope and career opportunities

Research in Microbiology

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What is Microbiology? Its scope and career opportunities

Microbiology has had a long, rich history, initially centered in the causes of infectious diseases but now including practical applications of the science. Many individuals have made significant contributions to the development of microbiology. Early history of microbiology. He is reputed to have observed strands of fungi among the specimens of cells he viewed. In the s and the decades thereafter, a Dutch merchant named Anton van Leeuwenhoek made careful observations of microscopic organisms, which he called animalcules. Until his death in , van Leeuwenhoek revealed the microscopic world to scientists of the day and is regarded as one of the first to provide accurate descriptions of protozoa, fungi, and bacteria. After van Leeuwenhoek died, the study of microbiology did not develop rapidly because microscopes were rare and the interest in microorganisms was not high.

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Research in Microbiology publishes original research papers and reviews on all aspects of Microbiology. The overriding criteria for publication are originality, high scientific quality, depth of analysis and up-to-date relevance focused on the microorganism. In partnership with the communities we serve; we redouble our deep commitment to inclusion and diversity within our editorial, author and reviewer networks.

Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms that are either single-celled unicellular , cell colony multicellular or acellular lacking cells. Microbiology includes many sub-disciplines like virology, mycology, parasitology and bacteriology. Microbiologists are people who specialise in the field of microbiolgy. They are scientists who study organisms and infectious agents that cannot be seen with the naked eye. They study the interactions of microorganisms with humans and other organisms that exist and affect our lives. There is vast scope in the field of microbiology due to the advancement in the field of science and technology. The scope in this field is immense due to the involvement of microbiology in many fields like medicine, pharmacy, diary, industry, clinical research, water industry, agriculture, chemical technology and nanotechnology.

Research in Microbiology

Essentially, microbiology is the study of biological organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye without using such tools as the magnifying glass or microscope etc. Microbiology is therefore dedicated to studying the lives and characteristics of a wide variety of organisms ranging from bacteria and archaea to parasitic worms in their environments. Here, the discipline is used to learn about all aspects of the organisms in order to not only determine how they live in their environment, but also how they impact their respective surroundings and thus other organisms around them human beings, animals, etc. Microbiology has proved to be one of the most important disciplines in biology, making it possible to identify how some of these organisms cause diseases, discover cures for such diseases and even use some microbes for industrial purposes etc. Some of the fields that microbiologists may specialize in include:. Therefore, microbiology also encompasses a number of organisms that fall outside the traditional definition.

Medical microbiology , the large subset of microbiology that is applied to medicine , is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious disease: bacteria , fungi , parasites and viruses , and one type of infectious protein called prion. A medical microbiologist studies the characteristics of pathogens , their modes of transmission, mechanisms of infection and growth. Medical microbiologists often serve as consultants for physicians , providing identification of pathogens and suggesting treatment options. Other tasks may include the identification of potential health risks to the community or monitoring the evolution of potentially virulent or resistant strains of microbes, educating the community and assisting in the design of health practices.

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Microbiology , study of microorganisms, or microbes, a diverse group of generally minute simple life-forms that include bacteria , archaea , algae , fungi , protozoa , and viruses. The field is concerned with the structure, function, and classification of such organisms and with ways of both exploiting and controlling their activities. The word microbe was coined in the last quarter of the 19th century to describe these organisms, all of which were thought to be related.

Microbiology

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5 comments

  • Louis B. 31.05.2021 at 03:00

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  • Amaury G. 02.06.2021 at 09:13

    Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound organelles and include fungi and protists , whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include Bacteria and Archaea.

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  • Raphael M. 03.06.2021 at 18:53

    Microbiology is defined as the study of organisms and agents that are too small to be seen clearly by the unaided eye. To be more simple, microbiology is the study of microorganisms which are the living organisms of microscopic size. Viruses are also included as one of the microorganism but they are acellular.

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  • Scholeswhineb 04.06.2021 at 06:45

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  • Morfeo R. 06.06.2021 at 03:12

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