File Name: levels of bilingualism and levels of linguistic awareness .zip
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Multilingualism is the use of more than one language , either by an individual speaker or by a group of speakers. It is believed that multilingual speakers outnumber monolingual speakers in the world's population. Always useful to traders, multilingualism is advantageous for people wanting to participate in globalization and cultural openness.
Awareness of language structure has been studied in bilinguals, but there is limited research on how language dominance is related to metalinguistic awareness, and whether metalinguistic awareness predicts vocabulary size. The present study aims to explore the role of language dominance in the relation between vocabulary size in both languages of bilingual children and metalinguistic awareness in the societal language. It evaluates the impact of two metalinguistic awareness abilities, morphological and lexical awareness, on receptive and expressive vocabulary size. This is of special interest since most studies focus on the impact of exposure on vocabulary size but very few explore the impact of the interaction between metalinguistic awareness and dominance. Dominance was determined by relative proficiency, based on standardized tests in the two languages. Tasks of morphological and lexical awareness were administered in SL-Hebrew, along with measures of receptive and expressive vocabulary size in both languages.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Bialystok Published Psychology Developmental Psychology. A framework for relating degree of bilingualism to aspects of linguistic awareness is presented in which metalinguistic tasks are described in terms of their demands for analysis of knowledge or control of processing. Two studies are reported in which children differing in their level of bilingualism were given metalinguistic problems to solve that made demands on either analysis or control.
For example, a multilingual newspaper might contain the community language and English. This includes:. Students use language to achieve a range of personal, social and academic functions, for example, telling a story, retelling what they did on their holidays, or persuading an audience of a particular point of view. This supports classroom learning and strengthens the personal, social and academic benefits for the students. Teachers assist students to do this by:. Students with disrupted or limited prior schooling take an average of seven to ten years Cummins, ; Cummins,
Students acquiring a second language progress through five predictable stages. Effective ELL instruction Reflects students' stages of language acquisition. Helps students move through the language acquisition levels.
In the era of globalization, learning a second language during childhood can provide developmental and social benefits. In the first half of the 20 th century, the prevailing view was that bilingualism and second-language acquisition early in life made children confused and interfered with their ability to develop normal cognitive functions 1 and succeed in educational environments. Recent research has been more balanced, identifying areas in which bilingual children excel and others in which bilingualism has no effect on their development. In addition to the official commitment to a national policy of second-language acquisition and bilingualism, immigration has transformed Canada into a rich multilingual and multicultural nation. Public schools, especially in major urban centres, are home to large numbers of children for whom English or French is a second language. These children represent an enormous variety of home languages and often constitute the majority of children in a single classroom. Information about the language, cognitive and educational development of children with varied language backgrounds is essential to interpret the performance of these children in school and assess their development.
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A framework for relating degree of bilingualism to aspects of linguistic awareness is presented in which metalinguistic tasks are described in terms of their.Reply
Awareness of language structure has been studied in bilinguals, but there is limited research on how language dominance is related to metalinguistic awareness, and whether metalinguistic awareness predicts vocabulary size.Reply
In addition to facilitating cross-cultural communication, this trend also positively affects cognitive abilities.Reply
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