design and form johannes itten pdf

Design and form johannes itten pdf

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Design and Form: The Basic Course at the Bauhaus and Later

johannes Itten Design Form

Johannes Itten 1888-1967

Design and Form: The Basic Course at the Bauhaus and Later

Johannes Itten 11 November — 25 March was a Swiss expressionist painter , designer, teacher, writer and theorist associated with the Bauhaus Staatliches Bauhaus school.

From to he trained as an elementary school teacher. Itten's studies at the Bern-Hofwil Teachers' Academy with Ernst Schneider proved seminal for his later work as a master at the Bauhaus. Itten adopted principles espoused by Schneider, including the practice of not correcting his students' creative work on an individual basis, for fear that this would crush the creative impulse.

Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole. From to , Itten taught at the Bauhaus, developing the innovative "preliminary course" [3] which was to teach students the basics of material characteristics, composition, and color. His color contrasts include[d] 1 contrast by hue , 2 contrast by value , 3 contrast by temperature , 4 contrast by complements neutralization , 5 simultaneous contrast from Chevreuil , 6 contrast by saturation mixtures with gray , and 7 contrast by extension from Goethe.

In he invited Gertrud Grunow , to teach a course on the "theory of harmony" at the Bauhaus. This involved using music and relaxation techniques with the aim of improving the students' creativity. Itten's so called " color sphere " went on to include 12 colors. Itten was a follower of Mazdaznan , a fire cult originating in the United States that was largely derived from Zoroastrianism. He observed a strict vegetarian diet and practiced meditation as a means to develop inner understanding and intuition, which was for him the principal source of artistic inspiration and practice.

Georg Muche , created conflict with Walter Gropius who wanted to move the school in a direction that embraced mass production rather than solely individual artistic expression. Itten's works exploring the use and composition of color resemble the square op art canvases of artists such as Josef Albers , Max Bill and Bridget Riley , and the expressionist works of Wassily Kandinsky. Itten's work on color is also said to be an inspiration for seasonal color analysis.

Itten had been the first to associate color palettes with four types of people, and had designated those types with the names of seasons. His studies of color palettes and color interaction directly influenced the Op Art movement and other color abstraction base movements. Shortly after his death, his designations gained popularity in the cosmetics industry with the publication of Color Me A Season.

Cosmetologists today continue to use seasonal color analysis, a tribute to the early work by Itten. The Superhero film The Dark Knight Rises by Christopher Nolan makes several references to Itten's work, and Nolan himself cites him as a major artistic influence to his filmography. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Swiss painter, designer, and art educator. Fudge cakes Hall.

Bauhaus: , pp. Art of the 20th Century , p. The Bauhaus Idea and Bauhaus Politics. Central European University Press. Modern Architecture: a critical history 3rd ed. Retrieved A History of Modern Design , p. London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Johannes Itten around Painting , Drawing , Color theory , Architecture.

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johannes Itten Design Form

Johannes Itten 11 November — 25 March was a Swiss expressionist painter , designer, teacher, writer and theorist associated with the Bauhaus Staatliches Bauhaus school. From to he trained as an elementary school teacher. Itten's studies at the Bern-Hofwil Teachers' Academy with Ernst Schneider proved seminal for his later work as a master at the Bauhaus. Itten adopted principles espoused by Schneider, including the practice of not correcting his students' creative work on an individual basis, for fear that this would crush the creative impulse. Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole. From to , Itten taught at the Bauhaus, developing the innovative "preliminary course" [3] which was to teach students the basics of material characteristics, composition, and color. His color contrasts include[d] 1 contrast by hue , 2 contrast by value , 3 contrast by temperature , 4 contrast by complements neutralization , 5 simultaneous contrast from Chevreuil , 6 contrast by saturation mixtures with gray , and 7 contrast by extension from Goethe.

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New York: Reinhold, First English-language edition, third printing from Publishers yellow cloth stamped in black. Photo illustrated dust jacket. Front board very slightly bowed. Former owners signature to front free endpaper. Small part of rear cloth bottom edge marked by a stain.


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Johannes Itten 1888-1967

Weimar: Utopia Press. Berlin: Bauhaus-Archiv. Marchetti, Elena and Luisa Rossi Costa. The Fire Tower.

PDF presentation can be viewed here. Johannes Itten was a Swiss color theorist and artist who taught the foundation course in craft through the study of color and form at the Bauhaus Zifcak He taught and studied colors from both a scientific and artistic perspective Ekperigin According to Itten, all tints represent the brighter and better aspects of life, while all shades represent all the darker, sad, and negative forces Fulton Ittten assigned color qualities like warm and cool to describe how colors react with each other and how they affect people physically and psychologically.

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