development and spread of extremism in india pdf

Development and spread of extremism in india pdf

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Left Wing Extremism Division

University Module Series

How To Study Security and Disaster Management for UPSC Mains Exam?

Left Wing Extremism Division

Extremism means adoption of extreme political, social or religious ideals that reject or undermine the status quo and undermine contemporary ideas and expressions of freedom.

In recent years, India has witnessed new waves of extremism that have taken the lives of many innocent people. Whether based on religious, ethnic or political grounds, extremist ideologies glorify the supremacy of a particular group, and oppose a more tolerant and inclusive society. These are:. This goal cannot be achieved in an environment of extremism. Extremism need to be tackled to create a more secure and sustainably developed India. Demand of the question Introduction.

What is extremism? Extremism in India. Impact of extremism. Potential solutions and way forward. These are: Islamic extremism: It is major form of extremism faced by India primarily due to state sponsorship. Main theatre of it is Kashmir. Global Islamic terror groups have made limited inroads into the country. Kashmir has been the source of a violent insurgency since the late s.

Left-wing extremism: It is the single biggest internal security threat in the country. Despite counterinsurgency operations launched by the Indian government, no peace agreement has been reached, and over 20, civilians have been been killed in the Naxalite insurgency since Extremism in Northeast India: North-east is connected to the rest of the country by a land corridor of less than 30 kilometre wide.

It is a highly volatile region since Indian independence. Each of the seven states has experienced an insurgency at some point since Most violence has been directed either at the Indian government or at illegal immigrants from neighbouring Bangladesh. Impact of extremism: Security threats: Extremism causes threat to the security of the nation and assets of the country.

It threaten unity and diversity of the nation. Radicalisation of youth pose a threat to internal security. It has impacted development of the affected region leading to many people still living under poverty.

Social impact: It violates human rights and endanger fundamental rights of indian citizens. It lead to intolerance in communities, thereby endangering peace and cohesion in society. Psychological impact: It instil a fear of life in minds of citizens. Trauma due to violence not only impact psyche of the individual but create a tense environment in the region. Economic impact: The direct costs of extremism are the destruction of infrastructure and stoppage of developmental activities.

Its indirect costs are multiple and arise out of general loss of confidence in the economy. Further it impact flow of investment to the nation thereby restricting growth potential of the country. It lead to various costs on intelligence, military, and police organizations. Political Instability: Extremism has impacted domestic political structures in India in a negative way.

It has lead to political instabilities across the nation. Demographic loss: Extremism has misguided the youth of the region on the basis of false ideologies for destructive activities by brainwashing them. This has not only endanger demography but also lead to loss of demographic dividend in the region. Impact Tourism: Extremism impact tourism industry. Cultural diversity of India is huge, which remained unexploited due to terrorism.

People usually avoid visiting countries under threat of violence. Solutions to tackle extremism in India: Participatory decision-making should be enhanced and role of civic society at national and local levels should be increased.

Effective socio-economic alternatives should be provided to the groups at risks. Alternate employment opportunity should be generated. Capacity of local governments should be strengthened for service delivery and security. Credible intermediaries to promote dialogue with alienated groups and re-integration of former extremists should be supported.

Youth should be engaged in building social cohesion and de-radicalisation programmes should be carried out. Government should work with faith-based organizations and religious leaders to counter the abuse of religion by extremists. Respect for human rights, diversity and a culture of global citizenship in schools and universities should be promoted.

Measures should be taken to increase the capacity of the judiciary and security agencies, not only to detect and prevent violent activities, but also to ensure that the proper judicial process and the legal and human rights.

Government should fight corruption at all levels to enhance the legitimacy of state institutions, directly contributing to reduced perceptions of injustice and inequality. Building capacities of anti-corruption institutions, capacities of civil society to monitor transparency and accountability in government and in assessing corruption risks is important.

Women should be empowered to reduce the sense of injustice and discrimination against them. The systematic discrimination and abuse of women is a strategic and deliberate tactic of a number of extremist groups.

University Module Series

Extremism means adoption of extreme political, social or religious ideals that reject or undermine the status quo and undermine contemporary ideas and expressions of freedom. In recent years, India has witnessed new waves of extremism that have taken the lives of many innocent people. Whether based on religious, ethnic or political grounds, extremist ideologies glorify the supremacy of a particular group, and oppose a more tolerant and inclusive society. These are:. This goal cannot be achieved in an environment of extremism.

In Indian scenario, extremism activities are increasing rapidly. The scale of the extremists operations is massive and consequently these activities have perilous impact on nation's social, economic and political development. Many scholars explained the notion of extremism as any ideology considered to be far outside the normal attitudes of society or to interrupt common moral standards. It is usually constructed with moderation or extremists with moderates. Various political writers signified that extremism also has numerous strands starting from just holding to one's ideas and values on one end of the continuum and use of violent means for nuisance on the other end.

All E4J university modules provide suggestions for in-class exercises, student assessments, slides, and other teaching tools that lecturers can adapt to their contexts, and integrate into existing university courses and programmes. The Module provides an outline for a three-hour class, but can be used for shorter or longer sessions. All E4J university modules engage with existing academic research and debates, and may contain information, opinions and statements from a variety of sources, including press reports and independent experts. Doha Declaration. Education for Justice. What is Good Governance?

How To Study Security and Disaster Management for UPSC Mains Exam?

Extremism is "the quality or state of being extreme" or "the advocacy of extreme measures or views". The term is primarily used in a political or religioussense , to refer to an ideology that is considered by the speaker or by some implied shared social consensus to be far outside the mainstream attitudes of society. The term is usually meant to be pejorative. However, it may also be used in a more academic, purely descriptive, non-condemning sense. Extremists views are typically contrasted with those of moderates.

What are the objectives of extreme left wing ideology? Is there a cause-effect relationship between development and spread of left wing extremism? LWE organizations are the groups that try to bring change through violent revolution.

India has been touted as the fastest growing economy, surpassing China, one of the economic powerhouses of the world. As fancy as this decorative title sounds like, it overshadows the fact that India, even after seven decades of independence, is still considered amongst the list of developing nations. India has faced several setbacks post-independence in almost every field, be it economic, social, cultural, sports, etc.

Role and Functions of the Division

 - Это невозможно. Он перезагрузил монитор, надеясь, что все дело в каком-то мелком сбое. Но, ожив, монитор вновь показал то же. Чатрукьяну вдруг стало холодно. У сотрудников лаборатории систем безопасности была единственная обязанность - поддерживать ТРАНСТЕКСТ в чистоте, следить, чтобы в него не проникли вирусы.

 - Туда и обратно. Если бы он тогда знал… ГЛАВА 9 Техник систем безопасности Фил Чатрукьян собирался заглянуть в шифровалку на минуту-другую - только для того, чтобы взять забытые накануне бумаги. Но вышло. Пройдя помещение шифровалки и зайдя в лабораторию систем безопасности, он сразу почувствовал что-то неладное. Компьютер, который постоянно отслеживал работу ТРАНСТЕКСТА, оказался выключен, вокруг не было ни души. - Эй! - крикнул Чатрукьян. Ответа не последовало.

Несмотря на разногласия со Стратмором по многим вопросам, Фонтейн всегда очень высоко его ценил. Стратмор был блестящим специалистом, возможно, лучшим в агентстве. И в то же время после провала с Попрыгунчиком Стратмор испытывал колоссальный стресс. Это беспокоило Фонтейна: к коммандеру сходится множество нитей в агентстве, а директору нужно оберегать свое ведомство. Фонтейну нужен был кто-то способный наблюдать за Стратмором, следить, чтобы он не потерял почву под ногами и оставался абсолютно надежным, но это было не так-то. Стратмор - человек гордый и властный, наблюдение за ним следует организовать так, чтобы никоим образом не подорвать его авторитета. Из уважения к Стратмору Фонтейн решил заняться этим лично.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism

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