File Name: compare and contrast formative and summative evaluation .zip
The assessment landscape in schools is often confusing and ever changing. With the debate between the merits of formative vs summative assessments raging on, it can be difficult to know when to either of these assessment types in your class.
Assessment allows both instructor and student to monitor progress towards achieving learning objectives, and can be approached in a variety of ways. Formative assessment refers to tools that identify misconceptions, struggles, and learning gaps along the way and assess how to close those gaps. It can include students assessing themselves, peers, or even the instructor, through writing, quizzes, conversation, and more. In short, formative assessment occurs throughout a class or course, and seeks to improve student achievement of learning objectives through approaches that can support specific student needs Theal and Franklin, , p. In contrast, summative assessments evaluate student learning, knowledge, proficiency, or success at the conclusion of an instructional period, like a unit, course, or program. Summative assessments are almost always formally graded and often heavily weighted though they do not need to be.
We need to stop, take a step back, and ask ourselves some hard questions about the tenets that define our work today. We need to rethink some basic assumptions about the use of time, the structure of the school day, and how we organize our students in their learning environment. The big picture today is the curriculum redesign or redesign and the right to learn for every child, being one of many concerns of most countries such as the No Children Left Behind NCLB. Children of the 21st century need to be given adequate knowledge, skills and character as a way of adaption to mass and evolutionary information. Adapting to 21st century needs means revisiting each dimension and the interplay between them.
In our last blog post, we introduced formative assessment , talked about its strengths and where it fits into lesson planning. We also mentioned summative assessment as a complementary form of assessment, but one which holds a different purpose. Formative assessment is an ongoing, flexible, and more informal diagnostic tool. While summative assessment is, as the word implies, an evaluation of the sum product of the lesson. Summative assessments are more formal, structured, and often used to normalize performance so they can be measured and compared. The comparison of students final performance against a benchmark can be limiting as it defines only a specific achievement goal. As a result, it requires evaluation along with a standardized path to that goal.
What kind of assessment strategy should you choose for your lesson or teaching? It all depends on the huge differences between them. So, what exactly are those differences?
Assessment refers to the evaluation of something. When it comes to learning, students are assessed by the educational institution, to analyse their learning graph, their understanding level and progress. It also helps in planning further study material.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. This chapter discusses the relationships between formative and summative assessments—both in the classroom and externally. In addition to teachers, site-and district-level administrators and decision makers are target audiences. External test developers also may be interested. Teachers inevitably are responsible for assessment that requires them to report on student progress to people outside their own classrooms.
The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning. More specifically, formative assessments:. Formative assessments are generally low stakes , which means that they have low or no point value. Examples of formative assessments include asking students to:.
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What differentiates formative evaluation from summative evaluation is the role of feedback obtained; this feedback enables instructors to modify instructional activities midstream in light of their effectiveness, impact, and value.Reply
Formative assessment, on the other hand, delivers information during the instructional process, before the summative assessment. Both the teacher and the.Reply